According to the World Meteorological Organization, recent data indicates that 2015 will have the warmest global average surface temperature on record, and that it will likely soon hit 1°C above pre-industrial temperatures. In 2010, officials resolved to prevent temperatures from rising to any more than 2°C over preindustrial times, the CBC reports.
Officials say the heat of the past five years—the warmest ever measured—has been driven by climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions, and El Niño. Temperatures are only expected to rise in coming years.
As Al Jazeera America reports, the WMO generally waits until it has collected a year’s worth of data to announce its predictions. However, the organization decided to release the past 10 months’ worth of findings in light of the upcoming U.N. Climate Change Conference, which will be held in Paris November 30–December 11.
“Greenhouse gas emissions, which are causing climate change, can be controlled,” says WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud in the report. “We have the knowledge and the tools to act. We have a choice. Future generations will not."