Thousand-Year-Old Anvil Still Has the Smith’s Handprints on It

Steve Dockrill
Steve Dockrill

Archaeologists working on the Scottish island of Rousay discovered two stone anvils that likely date back at least 1000 years—and one still bears handprints, likely made by the copper smith who used it, according to the BBC.

The discovery was the result of a dig by the Swandro-Orkney Coastal Archaeology Trust that has been ongoing since 2010. (The site, located near the Bay of Swandro, is known as the Knowe of Swandro, and Rousay is part of the Orkney Islands.)

A close up of a dark handprint on a stone slab
Steve Dockrill

At first, the researchers assumed the handprint belonged to one of them, left during the process of excavating the anvils from the remains of the partially underground workshop. However, they have since realized that the marks are hand and knee prints left by the smith. The knee marks are likely from the smith kneeling next to the anvil and brushing against it regularly.

The building has been identified as a Pictish structure dating to the 6th to 9th century CE. The Picts, a group of tribes that lived in Scotland in the late Iron Age (around the 3th century CE) into the Early Middle Ages, disappeared around 1100 CE. Excavation co-director Julie Bond told the BBC that she pegs the age of the prints between 1000 and 1500 years old.

The Swandro-Orkney Coastal Archaeology Trust is attempting to excavate and study the site before it falls prey to rising sea levels and coastal erosion on the island.

[h/t BBC]

Demolition of a Condemned Pennsylvania Bar Reveals 18th-Century Log Cabin

taviphoto, iStock via Getty Images
taviphoto, iStock via Getty Images

Many unusual things have been discovered in the structures of old buildings. When contractors began demolishing a bar in Washingtonville, Pennsylvania, they didn't expect to find a separate building concealed within its paneling.

The log cabin uncovered in the bar was built as far back as the 18th century, Newsweek reports. Contractors were in the process of tearing down the condemned establishment when they noticed antique, exposed beams inside the building additions. As they removed more panels, a whole log cabin began to take shape.

The structure consists of two stories and spans 1200 square feet. The beams appear to be made of ax-cut hickory wood, but beyond that, little is known about the cabin or where it came from. A borough map from 1860 depicts a larger building where the cabin would be, indicating that the first additions were built onto it more than 150 years ago. The bar built at the site has been closed for around 12 years and condemned for more than three.

Washingtonville council president Frank Dombroski says the cabin is salvageable, but taking the necessary steps to preserve it will be difficult. The community lacks the funds necessary to rehabilitate it where it stands and keep it as a historic landmark. Instead, the council has decided to disassemble the structure piece-by-piece, number and catalog it, and reconstruct it someplace else. Until then, the building in its exposed state will remain in its original location on the corner of Water and Front Streets.

[h/t Newsweek]

Ancient Human Remains Were Found During a Father-Son Bike Trip in Washington

Brothers_Art/iStock via Getty Images
Brothers_Art/iStock via Getty Images

Among the things you can expect from a leisurely bike ride with your 4-year-old son—fresh air, exercise, bonding—accidentally stumbling upon ancient human remains is not among them. Yet that’s exactly what happened to Matt Kiddle earlier this month near Port Angeles, Washington, when a spin around the area revealed a weathered skull erupting from the ground.

Kiddle was biking with his son, Ivan, along the Olympic Discovery Trail when the two came across the skull and mandible. The pair climbed off his bike and walked on to the beach for a closer look, where Kiddle also noticed a scapula, or shoulder blade. Later, another pedestrian noticed a hip bone.

Fearing they had stumbled upon a crime scene, Kiddle examined the remains and realized the bones were likely old. He called the police. A forensic archaeologist determined they’re between 500 and 1000 years old and are of Native-American origin.

"Frankly, my first reaction was, what poor individual is missing that I just found their bones, then I quickly realized they were very old and likely Native American, and some form of ancient individual," Kiddle, a physician assistant, told the Peninsula Daily News.

How did the remains manage to become visible? Parts of the Trail have crumbled due to coastal erosion, revealing below-surface discoveries like this one.

The Washington Department of Archaeological and Historic Preservation will now look to determine which tribe the deceased belonged to so the bones can be repatriated and properly laid to rest.

[h/t Smithsonian]

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