Teen Archaeologist Finds a Tooth That's More Than 500,000 Years Old

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iStock

A tooth belonging to an early human sub-species was unearthed recently in France—but the tooth fairy is about 560,000 years too late.

Phys.org reports that the rare discovery was made by a 16-year-old volunteer archaeologist during a dig inside a cave near Tautavel, a French commune in the Pyrenees near the Spanish border. Scientists say the tooth—a worn lower incisor—likely belonged to a member of the Homo heidelbergensis species, which lived about 700,000 to 200,000 years ago.

"These are certainly different from modern humans. They existed before Neanderthals,” Dr. Matthew Skinner, a paleoanthropologist from Britain’s University of Kent, tells phys.org. “They had quite large brains and fairly complex behavior but weren't modern in the way that we are.”

Using other evidence found in the cave, anthropologists were able to piece together a portrait of what life was like for prehistoric people who lived or frequented the area. They hunted reindeer, bison, and rhinos, and endured frigid and dry weather conditions.

Paleoanthropologists determined how old the tooth is by using dating methods on the soil it was found in. The tooth is about 100,000 years older than a skull of an early hominid dubbed the “Tautavel Man” that was discovered at the same site in 1971. To date, about 140 fossils of prehistoric human remains have been unearthed at Tautavel, which scientists say may have been a temporary shelter for hunters or a more permanent settlement.

[h/t phys.org]

26 Fascinating Facts About Fossils

Mental Floss via YouTube
Mental Floss via YouTube

If you’ve never visited the Big Bone Room, you’re in luck. Check out our visit to New York City's American Museum of Natural History for a rundown on fossils, which provide invaluable insight into our understanding of history and its once-living occupants.

In this edition of "The List Show," editor-in-chief Erin McCarthy explains the ins and outs of excavation, fossil follies (extinct giants were a big miss), and the terrorizing prospect of a 3-foot-tall parrot.

For more episodes like this one, be sure to subscribe here!

2000-Year-Old Roman Tweezers and Metal Ear Swab Discovered in UK

Christopher Furlong/Getty Images
Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

The ancient Romans took hygiene seriously. They pioneered indoor plumbing, deodorant, and the practice of bathing daily. A recent discovery made at a bridge construction site in the UK reinforces just how committed to cleanliness the Roman civilization was. As Geek.com reports, workers unearthed an ear cleaner and a pair of tweezers thought to date back 2000 years to the Roman Empire.

The artifacts were dug up by the Ebbsfleet Development Corporation at the location of the new Springhead Bridge in Ebbsfleet Garden City, a development in Kent. One small tool appears to be designed for pinching and plucking small items just like modern-day tweezers. The other object is thought to have been built for cleaning ears—but instead of cotton, the "swab" is made entirely of metal. They're thought to date back thousands of years, but scientific analysis will need to be done to determine the exact age.

Grooming items weren't the only artifacts uncovered at the site. Workers also found a piece of timber believed to have been meant for an ancient structure. The Ebbsfleet River, where the new bridge is being built, was once a shipping hub and a Roman settlement called Vagniacis. Historical finds are so common in the area that the Ebbsfleet Development Corporation employs full-time archaeologists.

The personal hygiene tools have been removed from the archaeological site by experts who will study them to learn more about their origins. The fate of the artifacts is unclear, but the construction company behind the discovery hopes they can remain in the same city where they were found.

[h/t Geek.com]

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