125 Essential Movies, According to Martin Scorsese

Tim P. Whitby, Getty Images
Tim P. Whitby, Getty Images

To be as accomplished and prolific a filmmaker as Martin Scorsese, you’d have to be as accomplished and prolific a filmgoer as Martin Scorsese. The Oscar-winning director would be the first to tell you that he is as much a student of movies as he is a creator, and he regularly shares his ever-growing list of essential films that he believes any true movie fan should see.

In 2012, Fast Company published an extensive interview with Scorsese in which he talked about his 85 movies “you need to see to know anything about film.” Meanwhile, in 2006, a young filmmaker named Colin Levy wrote to the filmmaker, asking for recommendations on where to start an education on foreign films. Scorsese responded with a list of almost 40 suggestions. And, of course, Scorsese shared even more of his favorite films with Sight & Sound magazine.

Each film he has mentioned is listed below, chronologically, so you can start your education at the Scorsese Film School as soon as possible.

1. The Infernal Cakewalk (1903)

2. Secrets of the Soul (1912)

3. The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921)

4. Nosferatu (1922)

5. Dr. Mabuse the Gambler (1922)

6. Metropolis (1927)

7. Napoleon (1927)

8. The Power and the Glory (1933)

9. It Happened One Night (1934)

10. Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936)

11. La Grande Illusion (1937)

12. Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939)

13. Stagecoach (1939)

14. The Roaring Twenties (1939)

15. The Rules Of The Game (1939)

16. Citizen Kane (1941)

17. How Green Was My Valley (1941)

18. Sullivan’s Travels (1941)

19. Cat People (1942)

20. Arsenic and Old Lace (1944)

21. Rome, Open City (1945)

22. Children Of Paradise (1945)

23. Duel in the Sun (1946)

24. Gilda (1946)

25. A Matter of Life and Death (1946)

26. Paisan (1946)

27. Beauty & The Beast (1946)

28. The Lady From Shanghai (1947)

29. T-Men (1947)

30. I Walk Alone (1947)

31. The Red Shoes (1948)

32. Germany Year Zero (1948)

33. Force of Evil (1948)

34. La Terra Trema (1948)

35. Macbeth (1948)

36. Raw Deal (1948)

37. Bicycle Thieves (1948)

38. Caught (1949)

39. The Third Man (1949)

40. Stromboli (1950)

41. The Flowers of St. Francis (1950)

42. Gun Crazy (1950)

43. Night and the City (1950)

44. An American in Paris (1951)

45. The River (1951)

46. Ace in the Hole (1951)

47. The Magic Box (1951)

48. The Bad and the Beautiful (1952)

49. Europa ’51 (1952)

50. Othello (1952)

51. Umberto D. (1952)

52. Ikiru (1952)

53. The Band Wagon (1953)

54. House of Wax (1953)

55. Julius Caesar (1953)

56. Pickup on South Street (1953)

57. Ugetsu (1953)

58. Tokyo Story (1953)

59. Dial M for Murder (1954)

60. Journey to Italy (1954)

61. Senso (1954)

62. Seven Samurai (1954)

63. Sansho the Bailiff (1954)

64. All that Heaven Allows (1955)

65. Kiss Me Deadly (1955)

66. The Searchers (1956)

67. Forty Guns (1957)

68. Sweet Smell of Success (1957)

69. Some Came Running (1958)

70. Touch of Evil (1958)

71. Vertigo (1958)

72. Ashes and Diamonds (1958)

73. Big Deal On Madonna Street (1958)

74. Shadows (1959)

75. The 400 Blows (1959)

76. Peeping Tom (1960)

77. Rocco and His Brothers (1960)

78. Shoot the Piano Player (1960)

79. Breathless (1960)

80. L'Avventura (1960)

81. The Hustler (1961)

82. One, Two, Three (1961)

83. Cape Fear (1962)

84. The Trial (1962)

85. Two Weeks in Another Town (1962)

86. Salvatore Giuliano (1962)

87. Il Sorpasso (1962)

88. America, America (1963)

89. Jason and the Argonauts (1963)

90. The Leopard (1963)

91. Shock Corridor (1963)

92. High and Low (1963)

93.  (1963)

94. The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964)

95. Band of Outsiders (1964)

96. Before the Revolution (1964)

97. The Rise of Louis XIV (1966)

98. Blow-Up (1966)

99. Weekend (1967)

100. Faces (1968)

101. 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

102. Death by Hanging (1968)

103. Midnight Cowboy (1969)

104. The Butcher (1970)

105. The American Friend (1970)

106. Klute (1971)

107. McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971)

108. The Merchant of Four Seasons (1971)

109. The Godfather (1972)

110. M*A*S*H (1972)

111. Aguirre, the Wrath of God (1972)

112. The Conversation (1974)

113. Ali: Fear Eats The Soul (1974)

114. The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1974)

115. The Messiah (1975)

116. Nashville (1975)

117. Kings of the Road (1976)

118. Apocalypse Now (1979)

119. The Marriage of Maria Braun (1979)

120. Health (1980)

121. Heaven’s Gate (1980)

122. Mishima (1985)

123. Born on the Fourth of July (1989)

124. Do the Right Thing (1989)

125. The Player (1992)

7 Things We Know (So Far) About Baby Yoda, the Breakout Star of The Mandalorian

© Lucasfilm
© Lucasfilm

From the moment he appeared onscreen in the closing moments of the premiere episode of the new Disney+ series The Mandalorian on November 12, the creature referred to as Baby Yoda has become an internet sensation not seen since the likes of the IKEA monkey. The Rock has displayed his affection for the cooing green infant on Instagram; a man purportedly got a tattoo of Baby Yoda holding a White Claw seltzer and insists it’s permanent; and a Change.org petition is underway demanding a Baby Yoda emoji.

That Baby Yoda has gripped the imagination of the country is no small feat, as precious little has been revealed about his origins other than that he appears to be a member of the same unnamed species as Jedi master Yoda, which has traditionally been shrouded in secrecy. More will be revealed as The Mandalorian continues its weekly run through December 27. In the meantime, here’s what we know so far about the alarmingly adorable creature canonically known as “The Child.”

1. Baby Yoda is 50 years old, but he still seems a bit behind developmentally.

Owing to the long lifespan of Yoda’s species—Yoda himself lived to be roughly 900 years old before expiring in 1983’s Return of the Jedi, set five years prior to the events of the Disney+ series—it makes sense that the “baby” in the show is the human equivalent of someone about to subscribe to AARP: The Magazine. We learn Baby Yoda’s age in the first episode, where Mando is told he’s being tasked with finding a target that age. It’s a clever bit of misdirection that sets up the climactic reveal that the bounty hunter is after an infant.

And though his habits—tasting space frogs and playing with spaceship knobs—seem developmentally accurate, child experts told Popular Mechanics that such curiosity is more in line with a 1-year-old, not the 5-year-old Baby Yoda might be analogous to in human years. He’s also not terribly verbose, putting him behind what one might expect of a person his relative age.

2. Baby Yoda is male.

After rescuing Baby Yoda from an untimely demise at the hands of bounty hunter IG-11 in the debut episode, the titular Mandalorian takes off with his young bounty to deliver him to his Imperial employer known as the Client (Werner Herzog). In episode 3, the Client receives the baby; his underling, Doctor Pershing, (Omid Abtahi) refers to the character as “him.” A pre-order page for a Mattel plush Baby Yoda also refers to the character as a "he." We have, however, seen a female member of Yoda’s species before. In 1999’s Star Wars: Episode I: The Phantom Menace, a green-skinned Yaddle sits wordlessly on the Jedi Council.

3. Baby Yoda’s genetics are of great interest to what’s left of the Empire.

Why was Mando sent to fetch Baby Yoda? From what we could gather in episode three, the Client was desperate to gather knowledge from the creature, with Doctor Pershing told to extract something from his tiny body. That motive has yet to be revealed, but thanks to The Phantom Menace, we know Force-sensitive individuals can carry a large number of Midi-chlorians, or cells that can attenuate themselves to the Force. One fan theory speculates that these cells can be harvested, creating people with greater capabilities to wield Jedi powers.

4. Using the Force really tires Baby Yoda out.

In episode 2, a battle-weary Mando is in real danger of being trampled by a Mudhorn, a savage beast. Channeling his (presumed) Force abilities, Baby Yoda is able to dispatch of the threat, but the effort seems to exhaust him, and he spends most of the rest of the episode sound asleep.

5. Baby Yoda might become a Jedi Master in a hurry.

Despite his infantile status, it seems like it won’t be long, relatively speaking, before Baby Yoda achieves the Zen-like mindset and formidable skills of a Jedi Master. It’s been pointed out that Yoda achieved that rank at the age of 100, at which point he began training Jedis. That would mean Yoda’s species is capable of some pretty rapid development between the ages of 50 and 100.

6. Werner Herzog has a soft spot for Baby Yoda.

Herzog, the famously irascible director of such films as 2005’s documentary Grizzly Man and 1972's Aguirre: The Wrath of God, portrays the man known as the Client, out to capture Baby Yoda. Interacting with the puppet on set was apparently a source of amusement for the part-time actor, who sometimes addressed Baby Yoda as though he were not made of rubber. "One of the weirdest moments I had on set, in my life, was trying to direct Werner with the baby,” series director Deborah Chow told The New York Times. “How did I end up with Werner Herzog and Baby Yoda? That was amazing. Werner had absolutely fallen in love with the puppet. He, at some point, had literally forgotten that it wasn’t a real being and was talking to the child as though it was a real, existing creature.”

Herzog was so emotionally invested in Baby Yoda that he reacted harshly when The Mandalorian creator Jon Favreau and producer and director Dave Filoni spoke of wanting to shoot some scenes without the puppet so they could add him as a computer-generated effect later in case the live-action creature wasn’t convincing. “You are cowards,” Herzog told them. “Leave it.”

7. Baby Yoda bootleg merchandise has become a force.

When Favreau decided to keep Baby Yoda under tight wraps before the premiere of The Mandalorian, it forced Disney to postpone plans for tie-in merchandising, which can often leak plot points from film and television projects in retailer solicitations months in advance. As a result, precious little Baby Yoda merchandise is available, save for some hastily-assembled shirts and mugs on the Disney Store website. That leaves craftspeople on Etsy and other outlets to fabricate bootleg Baby Yoda plush dolls and other items.

The shortage runs parallel to the predicament faced by toy maker Kenner upon the release of the original Star Wars in 1977. Faced with a huge and unexpected holiday demand for action figures, the company was forced to sell consumers an empty box with a voucher for the toys redeemable the following year.

Stranger Things Star David Harbour Claims He Still Doesn't Know if Hopper Is Dead or Alive

Jason Mendez/Getty Images
Jason Mendez/Getty Images

With the fourth season of Stranger Things in the works, fans are holding out hope that Jim Hopper, played by David Harbour, is still alive and will be returning to the series. It turns out that we aren’t the only ones.

ComicBook.com reports that the Black Widow star recently made an appearance at German Comic Con Dortmund and, naturally, was asked if he would be returning to the Netflix series. The 44-year-old actor replied:

“Oh my Lord! I don’t know. Should we call the Duffer brothers? We don’t know yet, we don’t know. They won’t tell me anything, so we’ll have to see. I think you’ll find out at some point, we’ll find out at some point. Let’s hope he’s alive.”

The Hellboy actor then asked the crowd if they wanted Hopper to still be alive. When he was met with an explosion of cheers, he joked, “Guess what? Me too. Because I like working.”

Though many are still in mourning over Hopper’s presumed death at the gate of the Upside Down, Harbour stated that it was integral to the character that he died to release the guilt around his daughter’s death. He explained:

“I think Hopper—from the very beginning I’ve said this—he’s very lovable in a certain way, but also, he’s kind of a rough guy. Certainly in the beginning of Season 1 he’s kind of dark, and he’s drinking, and he’s trying to kill himself, and he hates himself for what happened to his daughter. I feel like, in a sense, that character needed to die. He needed to make some sacrifice to make up for the way he’s been living for the past like 10 years, the resentments that he’s had. So he needed to die.”

Though his death might have been necessary to rid him of his demons, we hope to see Hopper return.

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