7 Filtered Facts About the Unappreciated Spleen

iStock
iStock

The human body is an amazing thing. For each one of us, it’s the most intimate object we know. And yet most of us don’t know enough about it: its features, functions, quirks, and mysteries. Our series The Body explores human anatomy part by part. Think of it as a mini digital encyclopedia with a dose of wow.

1. IT'S SHAPED LIKE A SHOE.

The spleen is shoe-shaped, and it’s the largest organ in the lymphatic system at a whopping 5 inches, weighing as much as 6 ounces. The organ is situated between the fundus of the stomach and the diaphragm, and connected by one little ligament to your left kidney, too.

2. IT'S A BLOOD FILTER.

Your spleen is in charge of filtering blood as it moves through your body to control the production of red blood cells. It also defines the donut-like shape of red blood cells, which must squeeze through an opening in the spleen known as the interendothelial slit. This reshapes the cells before they pass back into the blood stream—or, if they are old, misshapen, or diseased, blocks them from returning.  

3. IT'S A POWERHOUSE INFECTION FIGHTER.

As recently as 2009, researchers discovered that the spleen plays host to a special cache of immune cells called monocytes. If the human body suffers a serious trauma, such as a heart attack, wound, or big infection, the spleen sends those monocytes into the blood stream to fight off infection.

4. ITS LOCATION IS BOTH IDEAL AND DANGEROUS.


From Anatomy of the Human Body by Henry Gray via Wikimedia Commons // Public Domain

 
The spleen is neatly tucked up under the left side of the rib cage, where it’s protected by those lateral bones. But this also means a broken rib could pierce the fragile organ and rupture it. If the organ is breached, usually during a traumatic injury like a car accident, it has to be removed immediately. Because the spleen has so many blood vessels, a person would otherwise bleed to death.

5. YOU CAN LIVE WITHOUT IT.

Unlike, say, your stomach or lungs, the spleen is not considered a “vital” organ, which simply means that it can be surgically removed and you’ll be mostly fine, though potentially prone to more infections.

6. THERE HAVE BEEN SPLEEN TRANSPLANTS.

A handful of these procedures have been done with some success on humans to boost infection-fighting power, but they are rare, and are usually transplanted in patients who have already lost their own spleens.

7. NO ONE LIKES A SPLEENFUL PERSON.

In medieval times, people believed your spleen was the source of “morose feelings and bad temper.” The connotation entered into common speech (via Latin, splen)—no one would want to be around you if you were spleenful, though spleenless was a prized way to be. Today, the word spleen is still in Webster’s Dictionary meaning “feelings of ill-will or anger, often suppressed.”

Whiten Your Teeth From Home for $40 With This Motorized Toothbrush

AquaSonic
AquaSonic

Since many people aren't exactly rushing to see their dentist during the COVID-19 pandemic, it's become more important than ever to find the best at-home products to maintain your oral hygiene. And if you're looking for a high-quality motorized toothbrush, you can take advantage of this deal on the AquaSonic Black Series model, which is currently on sale for 71 percent off.

This smart toothbrush can actually tell you how long to keep the brush in one place to get the most thorough cleaning—and that’s just one of the ways it can remove more plaque than an average toothbrush. The brush also features multiple modes that can whiten teeth, adjust for sensitive teeth, and massage your gums for better blood flow.

As you’d expect from any smart device, modern technology doesn’t stop at functionality. The design of the AquaSonic Black Series is sleek enough to seamlessly fit in with a modern aesthetic, and the charging base is cordless so it’s easy to bring on the go. The current deal even includes a travel case and eight Dupont replacement heads.

Right now, you can find the AquaSonic Black Series toothbrush on sale for just $40.

Price subject to change.

 

AquaSonic Black Series Toothbrush & Travel Case With 8 Dupont Brush Heads - $39.99

See Deal


This article contains affiliate links to products selected by our editors. Mental Floss may receive a commission for purchases made through these links. If you haven't received your voucher or have a question about your order, contact the Mental Floss shop here.


30 Pungent Facts About Farts

This man is clearly not trying to hide the fact he just passed gas.
This man is clearly not trying to hide the fact he just passed gas.
BrilliantEye/iStock via Getty Images

Whether you openly admit it or desperately try to hide it, it’s an undeniable fact that every living and breathing human being farts. And while passing what you thought was going to be silent gas only to be wrong in certain situations can definitely be embarrassing, there’s something undeniably humorous about flatulence—no matter your age.

If you do love a good fart joke, you’re in good company. The very first recorded joke, which was written by the Sumerians and dates all the way back to 1900 BCE, was about—you guessed it—breaking wind. And some of the world's great thinkers, from William Shakespeare to J.D. Salinger, have slipped a fart joke (or 10) into their work.

In this episode of The List Show, we're sniffing out 30 fascinating facts about farts—from why humans expel gas to how often the average adult squeezes the cheese. You can watch the full episode below.

For more videos like this one, be sure to head here and subscribe.