It can be intimidating to try to follow Mike Trout's WARP or figure out Lebron James' PER. So wouldn't you rather just look out for a Golden Sombrero or a Hambone? Here are 11 unofficial stats that may not be as illuminating as some others, but are certainly more fun.
1) Golden Bagel
The Golden Bagel is an actual award given to the men's tennis player who records the most sets won 6-0 (that's called a bagel because of the round "0"). Roger Federer won the inaugural award in 2004, given out by Tom Suhler and Nicklas Kroon as a fun way to reward the most dominant players. Federer set a record in 2006 with a total of 18 bagels, but Rafael Nadal holds the most Golden Bagel awards with three. In other bread-based tennis stats, a set won or lost 6-1 is called a "breadstick" or a "fry."
The crowning stat for any basketball benchwarmer, the trillion technically does fill up the stat sheet, just not the way any player would want to. It refers to a reserve player who comes on to play at least a minute, but fails to record any other stat for the entire game, leaving them with a box score that has a one followed by a string of zeroes (and yes, some box scores may list more than 12 zeroes, but the colloquial "trillion" has stuck). Ohio State Buckeyes reserve Mark Titus is credited with popularizing the term in 2008 through his blog Club Trillion, co-written with several other bench players on the team. But it supposedly dates back to the '80s, credited to NBAer Scott Hastings. The New York Times compiled a list of trillions since the 1986 season and found that Jud Buechler (above) was the all-time leader with a whopping 55.
3) Triple Zero
Sure, anybody could go a minute without impacting a basketball game. But what about getting some serious floor time without notching significant stats? In 2011, Scott Carefoot at The Score started looking for Triple Zeroes, where a player is on the court for 20 minutes but doesn't get a point, assist or rebound (it's the inverse of a Triple Double, where a player gets double digits in each category). He found only 31 of them, highlighted by an impressive 2009 34-minute effort (or non-effort) by Derek Fisher of the Los Angeles Lakers.
4) Immaculate Inning
It's hard enough for a pitcher to strike out the side, eliminating all three batters in an inning by strikeout. But to do it with just nine pitches, not recording a ball or allowing a batter to foul off an extra pitch? The so-called "immaculate inning" has only been done 50 times in major league baseball history by just 47 different pitchers. Baseball Almanac has the full list here -- the most recent came on July 30 when Toronto reliever Steve Delabar did it against the Oakland Athletics.
5) The Maddux
Another tremendous pitching stat, the Maddux refers to a pitcher who goes an entire nine-inning game without allowing a single run—oh, and all of that has to be done with fewer than 100 pitches. It was coined by blogger Jason Lukehart in honor of Greg Maddux (who else?), who did it an impressive 13 times since 1988, when reliable pitch counts began to be recorded. As Lukehart points out, a Maddux is a tough goal because strikeouts and walks, which both inherently take up several pitches, work against you. And yet, Cubs pitcher Jon Lieber was able to do it in just 78 pitches in a 2001 game.
6) Perfect hat trick
The hat trick—a single player scoring three goals in a game—is relatively common across many sports. But far more rare is soccer's perfect hat trick, which requires a player score a goal off his right foot, another off his left foot and a third as a header. Cristiano Ronaldo notched the rare feat at a match in January. Another twist on the hat trick is the "flawless" hat trick, where the player scores all three goals consecutively in a single period (check out a list of six flawless hat tricks from Football Burp here).
7) Gordie Howe hat trick
Another variation on the hat trick, this time from hockey. To notch a Gordie Howe hat trick, a player has to score a goal, record an assist and get in a fight in the same game. It's named after hall of famer Gordie Howe, who did it twice in his career (not surprising for a man known as both Mr. Hockey and Mr. Elbows). Though it's not an official statistic, The Hockey News has been recording them since 1996. Interestingly, there have been at least two double Gordie Howe hat tricks involving two players that fought each other: Adam Henrique and Jarome Iginla in 2012 and Fedor Tyutin and Ryan Getzlaf in 2010.
8) Golden Sombrero
Many consider baseball's hat trick equivalent to be a player hitting three home runs in a single game. But more famous -- or infamous -- is the Golden Sombrero, an inverse where a player strikes out four times in a regular 9-inning game (see, a sombrero is bigger than a hat). Strike out five times in a game? That's a platinum sombrero. Nobody's done more than that in 9 innings, but the titanium sombrero with six strikeouts has been achieved a handful of times in extra-inning games. The latter feat has also been called a Horn after Baltimore Orioles outfielder Sam Horn, who became the first batter to do it in 1991.
To add variety to traditional matchplay games, some golfers will place side bets on "funnies," or bizarre events that can happen during a game. There's no common standard for them, but here are a few of the more popular:
Sandy: getting par or less having been in a bunker at some point
Ferret: getting par or better having been off the green (if you go directly from off the green into the hole, it's a golden ferret)
Barkie: getting par or better after hitting a tree
10) Tommy Points
Boston Celtics fans will be familiar with Tommy Points, the entirely non-scientific, unofficial award given by commentator Tommy Heinsohn for a player showing extra effort on a play. Take this example from January, when Kevin Garnett dove into the stands to retrieve a loose ball and was awarded a Tommy Point for "giving up … life and limb with pure hustle." Heinsohn is far from the only commentator to award his own stats -- ESPN's Kirk Herbstreit gives out the Herbies for college football and John Madden was famous for assembling his "all-Madden" team every year.
When Rob Stone became the lead play-by-play announcer for ESPN's coverage of the Pro Bowling Association, it didn't take him long to make his mark. Noting that three strikes in a row is called a "turkey" (which dates back to the late 1800s, when some bowling alleys would give away turkeys for the then-rare feat), he asked his fellow commentator Randy Pedersen what four strikes in a row would be called. Getting no answer, he decided it would be a "hambone" and took to using it in his broadcasts. The term split the bowling community, with many players pointing out that the United States Bowling Congress considers two strikes in a row to be a hambone. But Stone stuck to it until he left ESPN in 2012, telling the PBA in an interview:
"Fans get pumped up for the stupid word 'hambone.' It puts a smile on my face that people are enjoying the sport," Stone said. "I understand that there are people out there who totally hate it. I'm not trying to shove it down anybody's throat."
Game Changers: Real. Sports. Data.
A recurring web series on sports and big data, featuring industry experts and social commentary. For more information, visit ibm.com/sports.