A Super Worm Moon Is Coming on the First Day of Spring

iStock.com/Sjo
iStock.com/Sjo

So far, 2019 has been a treat for astronomy fans. The last supermoon (and the brightest one of the year) was visible on February 19, and the next one is set to appear barely a month later on Wednesday, March 20, the first day of spring. Instead of the snow moon that came last month, this upcoming celestial event will be a super worm moon.

What is a supermoon?

A supermoon is defined as the Moon's seemingly larger size when viewed from Earth. The Moon is constantly circling our planet, and its apparent size in the night sky changes depending on where it is in its oval-shaped orbit. Its perigee is the point in its orbit that brings it closest to Earth; when the Moon reaches its perigee on a day when it's full, it's officially a supermoon.

Full moons also have different nicknames based on the time of year they occur. Last month's event was a snow moon: the first full moon that appears in February. March's supermoon will be a worm moon. A worm moon is usually the last full moon of winter, and it's named after the earthworms that start wriggling their way through the soil as spring approaches. In this case, the full moon coincides with the vernal equinox—the start of the spring season. The last time a full moon coincided with the first day of spring was March 20, 1981.

When to watch the next supermoon

The best time to catch the next supermoon are the nights of Tuesday, March 19 and Wednesday, March 20. At 2:48 p.m. on Tuesday, the Moon will reach its perigee, and at 8:43 p.m. ET on Wednesday, the Moon will be at its fullest. The Moon will also appear especially close and bright on the days surrounding the spring equinox.

Supermoons have felt like a common occurrence this year, with three appearing in the first three months in 2019. But after the worm moon, they will be much rarer: The next supermoon with a full moon won't happen until 2020. There will, however, be two new moon supermoons in August, but even though the Moon will be at the closest point in its orbit during the events, it won't be visible in the night sky.

This Cool T-Shirt Shows Every Object Brought on the Apollo 11 Mission

Fringe Focus
Fringe Focus

NASA launched the Apollo 11 mission on July 16, 1969, ending the space race and beginning a new era of international space exploration. Just in time for the mission's 50th anniversary this year, Fringe Focus is selling a t-shirt that displays every item the Apollo 11 astronauts brought with them to the Moon.

The design, by artist Rob Loukotka, features some of the iconic objects from the mission, such as a space suit and helmet, as well as the cargo that never made it to primetime. Detailed illustrations of freeze-dried meals, toiletries, and maintenance kits are included on the shirt. The artist looked at 200 objects and chose to represent some similar items with one drawing, ending up with 69 pictures in total.

The unisex shirt is made from lightweight cotton, and comes in seven sizes ranging from small to 4XL. It's available in black heather or heather midnight navy for $29.

If you really like the design, the artwork is available in other forms. The same illustration has also been made into poster with captions indicating which pictures represent multiple items of a similar nature.

The International Space Station Will Start Accepting Visitors … For $58 Million

iStock/forplayday
iStock/forplayday

If you've ever wanted to visit the International Space Station, your chance is coming soon—assuming you have a few million set aside. Recently, NASA announced that this orbiting outpost will be open to private citizens starting in 2020.

However, it won't be cheap. According to The Denver Post, each trip could last up to 30 days, and NASA estimates the cost of a round trip at $58 million, as well as an additional $35,000 charge per night. And, it's not just for kicks—you need to have a mission of your own. The space agency is allowing companies that want to conduct commercial or marketing work to send employees to the ISS as long as they meet one of the three requirements:

  • require the unique microgravity environment to enable manufacturing, production, or development of a commercial application;
  • have a connection to NASA's mission; or
  • support the development of a sustainable low-Earth orbit economy

The space station had a visitor back in 2001—Californian businessman Dennis Titobecame history's first space tourist when he spent a week aboard the ISS with two Russian cosmonauts who took him out there on a Russian spacecraft—but this would be a first for NASA. The agency was opposed to training and flying with Tito back in 2001; at the time, NASA administrator Daniel Goldin said, "Space is dangerous. It's not a joyride. Space is not about egos."

Now, NASA is ready to open the shuttle doors to private citizens. In addition to U.S. citizens, those from other countries are eligible to travel as long as they fly on a U.S.-operated rocket. These lucky private astronauts will have to go through the same medical checks, physical training, and certification procedures as crew members before traveling—a process that could take up to two years.

Along with this exciting news, NASA has bigger plans in mind. They are considering the possibility of a private sector company eventually taking control of the station and paying for its expensive upkeep. NASA has yet to announce when this transition would take place, but said in a statement that the "ultimate goal in low-Earth orbit is to partner with industry to achieve a strong ecosystem in which NASA is one of many customers purchasing services and capabilities at lower cost."

In addition, they hope that the revenue will assist in the operational costs for NASA's Artemis program, which is focused on sending astronauts—including the first woman—to the Moon by 2024.

[h/t The Denver Post]

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