Canada Passes 'Free Willy' Bill Outlawing Whales and Dolphins in Captivity

iStock/Rpsycho
iStock/Rpsycho

In response to accusations of animal cruelty, aquariums around the world are moving away from keeping large marine mammals in tanks. On Monday, June 10, Canada made a huge leap toward that goal. CNN reports that Canada's House of Commons passed a bill that bans holding whales, dolphins, and porpoises in captivity, barring special circumstances.

The so-called "Free Willy bill," named after the 1993 film that follows an orca freed from an amusement park, makes capturing and breeding cetaceans for entertainment punishable by a fine up to $150,000 USD. The exceptions to the rule are animals that are in need of rehabilitation, that have been licensed for scientific research, or that are unable to survive in the ocean on their own. The bill has been moving through Canada's legislature since December 2015.

Animal rights activists argue that highly social, intelligent mammals like whales and dolphins are unsuited to life behind glass walls. The 2013 documentary Blackfish, which focused on the captive orcas at SeaWorld, drew the issue into the international spotlight. In 2016, SeaWorld announced that it would end its killer whale breeding program.

Canada's Free Willy bill has already earned approval from the nation's Senate, but it must return there to receive "royal assent" before it can become law. Similar initiatives have been launched in the U.S.: In 2016, California passed a law making it illegal to hold orcas in captivity for "display, performance, or entertainment purposes."

[h/t CNN]

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Do Dogs Get Headaches?

Even without raging benders, dogs might still get headaches.
Even without raging benders, dogs might still get headaches.
damedeeso/iStock via Getty Images

Like babies, dogs can be hard to read in the medical ailment department. Are they listless because they’re tired, or because they’re sick? What’s behind their whining? And can they suffer that most human of debilitating conditions, the headache?

Gizmodo polled several veterinarians and animal behavior specialists to find out, and the answer seems to be a resounding yes.

Although a dog can’t express discomfort in a specific way, particularly if it doesn’t involve limping, animal experts know that canines that have diagnosed brain tumors or encephalitis can also be observed to have a high heart rate, a sign of physical pain. According to Tim Bentley, an associate professor of veterinary neurology and neurosurgery at Purdue Veterinary Medicine, administering painkillers will bring a dog’s heart rate down. If signs of physical distress also decrease, a headache was likely involved.

Unfortunately, not all dogs may offer overt signals they’re feeling some brain pain. According to Adam Boyko, an associate professor of biomedical sciences at the Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, dogs instinctively try to mask pain to avoid showing weakness.

Ultimately, dogs have many of the same central neural pathways as humans, which can likely go awry in some of the same ways. But the kind of persistent headaches owing to head colds or hangovers are probably rare in dogs. And while it goes without saying, they definitely don't need any of your Advil.

[h/t Gizmodo]