What You Should Know About the 2020 Fall Equinox

Matt, Unsplash
Matt, Unsplash

The days may be getting shorter and temperatures may be dropping slightly, but it's still technically summer until September 22. That date marks the fall equinox, or the official start of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere. Here's everything you need to know about the yearly event.

What Is the Fall Equinox?

According to The Old Farmer's Almanac, equinox comes from the Latin words aequus, meaning "equal," and nox, meaning "night." The word describes the times of year when the number of daylight and nighttime hours in a 24-hour period are roughly equal around the world. This happens only twice a year: during the spring or vernal equinox in March and the fall equinox in September.

During an equinox, the sun shines on Earth's equator, distributing light fairly evenly from pole to pole. The brunt of the sun's rays hardly ever fall on the exact center of the globe thanks to the tilt of the planet, and when they do, day and night aren't split into even 12-hour segments. If you count sunrise as starting as soon as the edge of the sun's disc appears over the horizon, then daytime actually lasts a few minutes longer than 12 hours on the fall equinox.

When to Experience the Fall Equinox

The equinox can be pinpointed to an exact time on Tuesday, September 22. At 9:31 a.m. EDT, the center of the sun will line up perfectly with the Earth's equator. Unless you live on the equator, where the sun will be directly over head and shadows will disappear, there isn't much to notice when this moment passes. Enjoying sunset while daylight hours are still fairly long is one way to mark the occasion. After September 22, nights will become longer until the winter solstice on December 21.

10 Rad Gifts for Hikers

Greg Rosenke/Unsplash
Greg Rosenke/Unsplash

The popularity of bird-watching, camping, and hiking has skyrocketed this year. Whether your gift recipients are weekend warriors or seasoned dirtbags, they'll appreciate these tools and gear for getting most out of their hiking experience.

1. Stanley Nesting Two-Cup Cookset; $14

Amazon

Stanley’s compact and lightweight cookset includes a 20-ounce stainless steel pot with a locking handle, a vented lid, and two insulated 10-ounce tumblers. It’s the perfect size for brewing hot coffee, rehydrating soup, or boiling water while out on the trail with a buddy. And as some hardcore backpackers note in their Amazon reviews, your favorite hiker can take the tumblers out and stuff the pot with a camp stove, matches, and other necessities to make good use of space in their pack.

Buy it: Amazon

2. Osprey Sirrus and Stratos 24-Liter Hiking Packs; $140

Amazon

Osprey’s packs are designed with trail-tested details to maximize comfort and ease of use. The Sirrus pack (pictured) is sized for women, while the Stratos fits men’s proportions. Both include an internal sleeve for a hydration reservoir, exterior mesh and hipbelt pockets, an attachment for carrying trekking poles, and a built-in rain cover.

Buy them: Amazon, Amazon

3. Yeti Rambler 18-Ounce Bottle; $48

Amazon

Nothing beats ice-cold water after a summer hike or a sip of hot tea during a winter walk. The Yeti Rambler can serve up both: Beverages can stay hot or cold for hours thanks to its insulated construction, and its steel body (in a variety of colors) is basically indestructible. It will add weight to your hiker's pack, though—for a lighter-weight, non-insulated option, the tried-and-true Camelbak Chute water bottle is incredibly sturdy and leakproof.

Buy it: Amazon

4. Mappinners Greatest 100 Hikes of the National Parks Scratch-Off Poster; $30

Amazon

The perfect gift for park baggers in your life (or yourself), this 16-inch-by-20-inch poster features epic hikes like Angel’s Landing in Zion National Park and Half Dome in Yosemite National Park. Once the hike is complete, you can scratch off the gold foil to reveal an illustration of the park.

Buy it: Amazon

5. National Geographic Adventure Edition Road Atlas; $19

Amazon

Hikers can use this brand-new, updated road atlas to plan their next adventure. In addition to comprehensive maps of all 50 states, Puerto Rico, Canada, and Mexico, they'll get National Geographic’s top 100 outdoor destinations, useful details about the most popular national parks, and points on the maps noting off-the-beaten-path places to explore.  

Buy it: Amazon

6. Adventure Medical Kits Hiker First-Aid Kit; $25

Amazon

This handy 67-piece kit is stuffed with all the things you hope your hiker will never need in the wilderness. Not only does it contain supplies for pain, cuts and scrapes, burns, and blisters (every hiker’s nemesis!), the items are organized clearly in the bag to make it easy to find tweezers or an alcohol wipe in an emergency.

Buy it: Amazon

7. Hiker Hunger Ultralight Trekking Poles; $70

Amazon

Trekking poles will help increase your hiker's balance and stability and reduce strain on their lower body by distributing it to their arms and shoulders. This pair is made of carbon fiber, a super-strong and lightweight material. From the sweat-absorbing cork handles to the selection of pole tips for different terrain, these poles answer every need on the trail. 

Buy it: Amazon

8. Leatherman Signal Camping Multitool; $120

Amazon

What can’t this multitool do? This gadget contains 19 hiking-friendly tools in a 4.5-inch package, including pliers, screwdrivers, bottle opener, saw, knife, hammer, wire cutter, and even an emergency whistle.

Buy it: Amazon

9. RAVPower Power Bank; $24

Amazon

Don’t let your hiker get caught off the grid with a dead phone. They can charge RAVPower’s compact power bank before they head out on the trail, and then use it to quickly juice up a phone or tablet when the batteries get low. Its 3-inch-by-5-inch profile won’t take up much room in a pack or purse.

Buy it: Amazon

10. Pack of Four Indestructible Field Books; $14

Amazon

Neither rain, nor snow, nor hail will be a match for these waterproof, tearproof 3.5-inch-by-5.5-inch notebooks. Your hiker can stick one in their pocket along with a regular pen or pencil to record details of their hike or brainstorm their next viral Tweet.

Buy it: Amazon

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The Leonid Meteor Shower Follows a New Moon in November

Ralph Katieb, Unsplash
Ralph Katieb, Unsplash

The year is approaching its end, but there are still plenty of meteorological events to look forward to in 2020. The Leonid meteor shower will light up skies in November, and thanks to conditions during its peak, it may be one of the more visible showers in recent months. Here's everything you need to know about catching the spectacle.

What is the Leonid Meteor Shower?

The Leonid meteor shower lasts from November 6 to the 30th, and it's expected to peak this year on the night of Monday, November 16, and early in the morning of Tuesday, November 17. The shower's name comes from Leo, the constellation the meteors appear to radiate from when they streak through the night sky. The Leonids really come from Comet Tempel-Tuttle; as Earth passes through the comet's tail, debris burns up in our planet's atmosphere, creating a dazzling shooting-star effect.

How to See the Leonids

The Leonids' peak follows the new moon on November 15. Against the dark night sky, the meteor shower will be especially visible, definitely making it worth the trip to your backyard. If skies are clear, you can expect to see up to 15 meteors an hour on the night of the 16th and morning of the 17th.

When searching for the shooting stars, wait for them to originate from the Leo constellation. The darker your area is, the easier it will be to spot them. It also helps to give your eyes 15 to 20 minutes to adjust to the dark to increase your chances of seeing something.