10 Towns That Seem Straight Out of a Storybook

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While the world's biggest cities have spent centuries competing over the tallest towers and grandest innovations, these lovely towns have held on to their quaint houses and curious designs. Check out 10 destinations fit for a storybook.

1. MITTENWALD, GERMANY

Madison Berndt, Flickr // CC-BY-2.0

Featuring gables carved with character, house fronts in bold colors, and splendid murals, Mittenwald has been called "the most beautiful town in the Bavarian Alps." Though the town offers walking paths and ski slopes, it was the medieval town's architecture that led 18th century German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe to declare it "a picture book come alive." Residents have preserved Mittenwald's heritage by keeping all main roads outside of the area. They also restored the stream that once bubbled through the area’s market square.

2. CORINALDO, ITALY

Andrea Santoni, Flickr // CC BY ND-2.0

Corinaldo abounds in neoclassical- and Renaissance-style buildings, with fortifications dating back to the 14th century; the area’s ramparts, towers, and alleys boast a medieval flare. One particularly picturesque pathway called Piaggia leads tourists down a wide series of 109 stairs, lined with old buildings, and to a well, a perfect location for pondering, taking pictures, or making a wish. Once a year, this stretch is flooded with locals in medieval costume, jugglers, jousters, and acrobats for the lively re-enactment of the Contesa del Pozzo della Polenta, the tale of a peasant who accidentally dropped a bag of corn flour into the well, went in after it, and failed to return. According to legend, the peasant was feasting on the boundless quantities of polenta that he had in the well.

3. GRUYERES, SWITZERLAND

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This cheese-loving village at the foot of the Alps dates back to the Middle Ages. With the magnificent mountains as a backdrop, its cobblestone streets, and collection of charming, old-fashioned buildings, Gruyeres is a place of natural and man-made majesty. It also has a castle, which now welcomes visitors as a museum, and there are plenty of attractions that center on the region's world-famous cheese and chocolate.

4. ESSAOUIRA, MOROCCO

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This 18th century port town and UNESCO World Heritage Site is iconic for its fortified red walls, narrow alleyways, and doors painted in traditional and vibrant blues. The area has been known by many names over the years, including Mogador (based on the Phoenician world for "small fortress"), the Port of Timbuktu, and Wind City of Africa for its unfriendly winds. But to fans of HBO’s Game of Thrones, this coastal wonder is Astapor, the Red City, where Daenerys Targaryen released the Unsullied warriors from their enslavement.

5. ČESKÝ KRUMLOV, CZECH REPUBLIC

Chris Yunker, Flickr // CC BY SA-2.0

This UNESCO World Heritage Site can be spotted even from distance, thanks to its signature red roofs and distinctively colorful castle. In fact, the State Castle is the second largest in the Czech Republic behind the Prague Castle. The old world cobblestone passageways are idyllic for a peaceful stroll. But for more of a rush, you could ride the popular rapids of the Vltava River, just a little upstream of this otherwise antique town.

6. BRUGES, BELGIUM

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Because of the picturesque beauty it offers at every turn, this medieval town is frequently flush with tourists. Cobblestone streets wind past canals, towering churches, centuries-old pubs, a historic market, and a courtyard carpeted in daffodils each spring. To really indulge, take a horse drawn carriage or a canal tour. And don't miss seeing Bonifaciusbrug, a bridge so enchanting you might think it's bewitched!

7. SHIRAKAWA-GO, JAPAN

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This mountain village has been deemed a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its collection of 114 gassho-zukuri farmhouses, distinguishable by architecture that resembles "palms placed together and fingers pointing upward in prayer." The structures’ thatched roofs are crucial for keeping out the heavy snowfalls for which the area is known. Though no nails or metal were used in their construction, the exemplary craftsmanship has ensured that some of these structures are still standing more than 250 years later. Walking through these streets or taking in these buildings from the Ogimachi-Jyoshi (observation platform) is like strolling into Japan's vibrant past and heritage.

8. COLMAR, FRANCE

Fonzie D, Flickr // CC BY 2.0

With tall buildings side-by-side with ornate carvings and facades painted in candy colors, it's no wonder that 

Colmar is one of the most popular tourist destinations of the Alsace region. One of the more curious details of the town's homes is how they build up and out, which originates from a clever way of getting around tax laws that based rates on property's square footage at street level. This town was considered such a treasure during World War II that Allied forces were careful not to bomb its 15th and 16th century wonders while attempting to oust the Germans from France.

9. POTES, SPAIN

This town along the Quiviesa and Deva Rivers looks like a page from an ambitious pop-up book. The walls and bridges that have defined the city's structure and sightseeing were a matter of necessity as Potes is placed on the joining of four valleys, amid an mountainous area and streaked with rivers. Its origins date back to the 8th century, though most of its acclaimed architecture comes from the 13th to 18th centuries. These include a labyrinth of alleyways and stairs, the gothic church of San Vicente, stately ancestral homes, the Bridge of San Cayetano, and its hermitage.

10. GÖREME, TURKEY

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This Turkish town, which dates back to the 4th century, owes its surreal and signature look to the natural landforms of the Cappadocia region and master carving. Originally, the land was studded with "fairy chimney" rock formations, which appeared to jut out from the earth in crude towers. Eventually, Göreme's founders chiseled those structures into homes and churches. The unique architecture is what led UNESCO World Heritage to dub the area "one of the world's most striking and largest cave-dwelling complexes." But calling the chapels—which boast breathtaking post-iconoclastic Byzantine art—caves is underselling the unique constructions that have fascinated visitors for centuries.

Amazon's Best Black Friday Deals: Tech, Video Games, Kitchen Appliances, Clothing, and More

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Amazon

This article contains affiliate links to products selected by our editors. Mental Floss may receive a commission for purchases made through these links.

Black Friday is finally here, and Amazon is offering great deals on kitchen appliances, tech, video games, and plenty more. We will keep updating this page as sales come in, but for now, here are the best Amazon Black Friday sales to check out.

Kitchen

Instant Pot/Amazon

- Instant Pot Duo Plus 9-in-115 Quart Electric Pressure Cooker; $90 (save $40)

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Home Appliances

Roomba/Amazon

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Video games

Sony

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Computers and tablets

Microsoft/Amazon

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Tech, gadgets, and TVs

Apple/Amazon

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Beats/Amazon

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Movies and TV

HBO/Amazon

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Toys and Games

Amazon

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Furniture

Casper/Amazon

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Haus/Amazon

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Clothes

Ganni/Amazon

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Watch: In 1948, Idaho Officials Sent 76 Beavers Parachuting Into Idaho’s Wilderness

A young beaver with all four feet firmly on the ground.
A young beaver with all four feet firmly on the ground.
yrjö jyske, Flickr // CC BY 2.0

When people started building up the area around Idaho’s Payette Lake after World War II, its original residents began interfering with irrigation and agricultural endeavors. They weren’t exactly staging an organized protest—they were just beavers doing what beavers do.

Nevertheless, officials at the Idaho Department of Fish and Game decided their best bet was to find a new home for the long-toothed locals. The surrounding wilderness provided plenty of options, but transportation was another issue entirely. Traversing the undeveloped, mountainous terrain would require both trucks and pack animals, and experts knew from past relocation efforts that beavers weren’t fond of either.

“Beavers cannot stand the direct heat of the sun unless they are in water,” department employee Elmo W. Heter explained in a 1950 report [PDF]. “Sometimes they refuse to eat. Older individuals often become dangerously belligerent ... Horses and mules become spooky and quarrelsome when loaded with a struggling, malodorous pair of live beavers.”

To keep Payette Lake’s beavers healthy and happy during the journey, their human handlers would need to find another method of travel. As Boise State Public Radio reports, that’s when Heter suggested making use of their leftover WWII parachutes.

Two beavers would sit inside a wooden box attached to a parachute, which could be dropped from an airplane between 500 and 800 feet above their new home in the Chamberlain Basin. The cables that fastened the box to the parachute would keep it shut during the flight, but they’d slacken enough for the beavers to open the box upon landing. After testing the operation with weights, Heter and his colleagues enlisted an older beaver named Geronimo for a few live trials.

“Poor fellow!” Heter wrote. “You may be sure that ‘Geronimo’ had a priority reservation on the first ship into the hinterland, and that three young females went with him.”

Once Geronimo had certified the safety of the mission, the team began migrating the whole beaver population. During the fall of 1948, a total of 76 beavers touched down in their new territory. It wasn’t without tragedy, though; one beaver fell to his death after a cable broke on his box. Overall, however, the venture was deemed much safer (and less expensive) than any trip on foot would have been. And when department officials checked in on the beavers a year later, they had already started improving their ecosystem.

“Beavers had built dams, constructed houses, stored up food, and were well on their way to producing colonies,” Heter wrote. As Idaho Fish and Game’s Steve Liebenthal told Boise State Public Radio, the area is now part of “the largest protected roadless forest” in the continental U.S.

You can watch the Idaho Fish and Game Commission’s full 14-minute documentary about the process below.

[h/t Boise State Public Radio]