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How Accurate Are Punxsutawney Phil's Groundhog Day Weather Predictions?

Ellen Gutoskey
Punxsutawney Phil is not the most reliable weather predictor.
Punxsutawney Phil is not the most reliable weather predictor. / Jeff Swensen/Getty Images
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On Wednesday, February 2, 2022, Punxsutawney Phil will crawl forth from his tiny tree trunk abode and predict whether there will be another six weeks of winter. Considering that the legendary groundhog has been forecasting the weather since the first Groundhog Day in 1887, it seems safe to assume that he’s gotten pretty good at it by now.

The stats, however, indicate that practice doesn’t always make perfect when it comes to mid-sized meteorological rodents. As Live Science reported, the Groundhog Club’s records show that as of 2021, Phil has predicted more winter 103 times, and an early spring just 19. Based on data from the Stormfax Almanac, that means Phil’s accuracy rate is an abysmal 39 percent. If you only look at weather records dating back to 1969, which are more reliable than earlier accounts, Phil’s job performance review gets even worse: those predictions were correct only 36 percent of the time.

Starting to feel sorry for an apparently lousy employee who only has to work for a few minutes each year? According to meteorologist Tim Roche at Weather Underground, Punxsutawney Phil is much more successful when he doesn’t see his shadow. “Out of the 15 times that he didn’t see his shadow and predicted an early spring, he got it right seven times,” Roche told Live Science. “That’s a 47 percent accuracy rate.”

While Phil is far from infallible, human meteorologists are, too. As National Weather Service meteorologist David Unger told Live Science, “If our forecasts are about 60 percent accurate or higher, then we consider that to be a good estimate.”

This story originally ran in 2020; it has been updated for 2022.

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